dogwood scientific name

"Cornus" is the word chosen and assigned to dogwood by Carl Linnaeus, the famed Swedish botanist … Also Called: Common dogwood. The alternative name for this shrub is Redosier Dogwood. While not poisonous to humans, the fruit is extremely sour and unpleasant-tasting. Morphology: This Northwest native deciduous shrub grows to a height of 6’-10’ with an equal to greater spread. Cornus kousa, commonly called Kousa dogwood, is a small, deciduous flowering tree or multi-stemmed shrub that typically grows 15-30’ tall, with a vase-shaped habit in the early years but eventually maturing to a more rounded form. Dogwoods are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of butterflies and moths, including the emperor moth, the engrailed, the small angle shades, and the following case-bearers of the genus Coleophora: C. ahenella, C. salicivorella (recorded on Cornus canadensis), C. albiantennaella, C. cornella and C. cornivorella, with the latter three all feeding exclusively on Cornus. The flowers are individually small and inconspicuous, with four greenish-yellow bracts 4 mm (0.16 in) long. Geoffrey Chaucer uses "whippletree" in The Canterbury Tales ("The Knight's Tale", verse 2065) to refer to the dogwood. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Download this stock image: Close up of a pink flowering dogwood. 'Appalachian Spring' – large white bracts; red fall foliage; resistant to dogwood. Dogwood flowers have four parts. Germination rates for good clean seed should be near 100% if seed dormancy is first overcome by cold stratification treatments for 90 to 120 days at 4 °C (39 °F). BOTANICAL ORIGIN – The bark of Cornus florida , Linne; Nat. The scientific genus of the dogwood tree is cornus. A tincture of this bark may be made of eight ounces of the bark to one pint of dilute alcohol. Scientific name Distribution ... Cornus florida subsp. Species information. The flowering dogwood is usually included in the dogwood genus Cornus as Cornus florida L., although it is sometimes treated in a separate genus as Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Subordinate Taxa. [34], A Christian legend of unknown origin proclaims that the cross used to crucify Jesus was constructed of dogwood. [17], The bark of Cornus species is rich in tannins and has been used in traditional medicine as a substitute for quinine. Its scientific name is Cornus florida. Dense and fine-grained, dogwood timber has a density of 0.79 and is highly prized for making loom shuttles, tool handles, roller skates and other small items that require a very hard and strong wood. 2002. The hero Aeneas attempts to break off boughs to decorate an altar, but instead the wood drips with black blood. Scientific name: Cornus florida Pronunciation: KOR-nus FLOR-ih-duh Common name(s): Flowering dogwood Family: Cornaceae USDA hardiness zones: 5A through 9A Origin: much of the eastern half of the United States and extreme southern Ontario UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native Uses: deck or patio; screen; specimen; shade; tree lawn 3–4 feet wide; tree lawn 4–6 feet wide; tree lawn > 6 feet wide Family: Cornaceae: Type: Deciduous tree: Native: YES: Plant Requirements. USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-7. [18] Rooting of up to 83% can be obtained when 5–7 week-old microshoots are then transferred to WPM amended with 4.9 µmol/L IBA. Range map for Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. In anticipation of dogwoods bursting into bloom each … The returning of the flower conveyed indifference on the part of the woman; if she kept it, it became a sign of mutual interest. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus florida L. – flowering dogwood Dogwood lumber is rare in that it is not readily available with any manufacturer and must be cut down by the person(s) wanting to use it. When in the wild they can typically be found at the forest edge and frequently on dry ridges. Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. Tree #3 (May 2017) 2016-2017 Observers. Scientific Name: Cornus alba. They have been eaten in Eastern Europe for centuries, both as food and medicine to fight colds and flus. Another theory advances the view that "dogwood" was derived from the Old English dagwood[citation needed] (dagwood is a form which is unattested), from the use of the slender stems of its very hard wood for making sharp objects:[4] "dags" (daggers, skewers, and arrows). [36] He also transformed its inflorescence into a representation of the crucifixion itself, with the four white bracts cross-shaped representing the four corners of the cross, each bearing a rusty indentation as of a nail, the red stamens of the flower representing Jesus' crown of thorns, and the clustered red fruit representing his blood. Flowering dogwood roots readily from cuttings taken in June or (Oberea tripunctata), the twig girdler (Oncideres While not poisonous to humans, the fruit is extremely sour and unpleasant-tasting. A 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall. Excellent landscape specimen. Category. 'Amerika Touch-O-Pink' – large bracts, tinged pink; large leaves; good disease resistance. name search type enter a search name. Scientic Name: Cornus nuttallii. Flowering dogwood attains its greatest size and growth potential in the Upper South, sometimes up to 40 feet in height. Cornaceae. Northwest native plant enthusiasts enjoy the beautiful spring bloom of the Pacific Dogwood but not the leaf disease which leads to browning and shedding. [7], Various species of Cornus, particularly the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), are ubiquitous in American gardens and landscaping; horticulturist Donald Wyman stated, "There is a dogwood for almost every part of the U.S. except the hottest and driest areas". A 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species[Note 1] of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Blooming Period: spring The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Scientific Name Cornus is from the word cornu which means “horn” and refers to the hard wood; florida is from the Latin flos, which means “flower” or “flowery” in reference to the showy flowers. [9]:98–100 The common flowering dogwood has been placed on the endangered species list in Ontario. They would peel off the bark, bite the twig and then scrub their teeth. Mature Size: Up to 10 feet tall. New plantings should be mulched to a depth of 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 in), avoiding the stem. Most dogwood species have opposite leaves, while a few, such as Cornus alternifolia and C. controversa, have their leaves alternate. Native To: Unknown (Caetano-Anolles et al. The flower-head is surrounded by four conspicuous large white, pink or red "petals" (actually bracts), each bract 3 cm (1.2 in) long and 2.5 cm (0.98 in) broad, rounded, and often with a distinct notch at the apex. This is a dogwood shrub with something of an identity crisis. Cut vibrant stems for a dynamic addition to holiday arrangements. 'Cherokee Princess' – vigorous white bracts, industry standard for white flowers. [23][24][25] Geographical ranges as native plants are given below. Ord., Cornaceae. Dogwood twigs were used by U.S. pioneers to brush their teeth. In addition, cultivated species occasionally persist or spread from plantings beyond their native ranges, but are rarely if ever locally invasive. Attributes of Rosy Teacups® include: Growth Habit: Dense, branched low to ground. Flower Color: White. Although rooting success can be as high as 50–85%, this technique is not commonly used by commercial growers. The hardiness zone is 5–9 and the preferred pH is between 6.0–7.0. Trees and shrubs; Statistics Height: up to 10m. For other uses, see, genus of flowering plants in the dogwood family Cornaceae. [24] The red berries are not edible, despite some rumors otherwise. Aeneid III 22-23: Forte fuit iuxta tumulus, quo cornea summo virgulta et densis hastilibus horrida myrtus. Over 32 different varieties of game birds, including quail, feed on the red seeds. The name "dog-tree" entered the English vocabulary before 1548, becoming "dogwood" by 1614. It can be seen growing wild along woodland edges and hedgerows. Distribution: Eastern North America. Macbr". The Columbia Encyclopedia. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). The scientific genus of the dogwood tree is cornus. It’s scientific name is Cornus florida. Height: 10 ft: Width: 12 ft: Bloom: Spring flowers: Bloom Time: April to May: Bloom Color: White: Additional Characteristics. 'Cherokee Brave' – Even redder than 'Cherokee Chief', smaller bracts but dark red color; consistently resistant to. When to see January to December. Plants should be watered weekly during droughts, with watering done in the morning, avoiding wetting the foliage. Cutting boards and other fine turnings can be made from this fine grained and beautiful wood. "The Names of Plants". Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Sites should be selected for reasonably well-drained, fertile soils; full sun is recommended in high-hazard areas (such as stream or pond banks). [19][unreliable source? Nodal (axillary bud) sections are established in a culture of Woody Plant Medium (WPM) amended with 4.4 µmol/L 6-Benzyladenine (BA) to promote shoot growth. These pollinations should be repeated every other day, as the flowers must be cross-pollinated within one or two days of opening for pollinations to be effective. Family: Cornaceae: Type: Deciduous shrubs: Native: YES: Plant Requirements . Cornus florida is easily propagated by seeds, which are sown in the fall into prepared rows of sawdust or sand, and emerge in the spring. The similar Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa), native to Asia, flowers about a month later. Scientific Name Related Links. what is the scientific name for the Flowering Dogwood Tree? 17 September 2012. Scientific Name. [35] As the story goes, during the time of Jesus, the dogwood was larger and stronger than it is today and was the largest tree in the area of Jerusalem. This is important for breeding programs as it means that it is not necessary to emasculate (remove the anthers from) C. florida flowers before making controlled cross-pollinations. The Japan Times. In 2012, the United States sent 3,000 dogwood saplings to Japan to commemorate the 100 year anniversary of the Washington D.C. cherry trees given as a gift to the U.S. by Japan in 1912. 3 réponses. [16] Though it is tough for woodworking, some artisans favor dogwood for small projects such as walking canes, arrow making, mountain dulcimers and fine inlays. Bloom occurs in late spring. They are also a larval host plant for several moth varieties, including Eudeilinia herminiata, the dogwood thyatirid moth, Antispila cornifoliella, the stinging rose moth, the grand arches moth,[4] the pecan bark borer,[5] the dogwood borer,[6] the rosaceaous leaf roller, the diamondback epinotia moth, spring azures,[7] cecropia moths,[8] and the Io moth. Dead wood and leaves should be pruned and completely removed and destroyed yearly. Information about the Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida), a species found in the State of Texas. 2001) Date of U.S. Introduction: First detected in the late 1970s (Daughtrey et al. Species include the common dogwood Cornus sanguinea of Eurasia, the widely cultivated flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) of eastern North America, the Pacific dogwood Cornus nuttallii of western North America, the Kousa dogwood Cornus kousa of eastern Asia, and two low-growing boreal species, the Canadian and Eurasian dwarf cornels (or bunchberries), Cornus canadensis and Cornus suecica respectively. Web. The scientific name is Cornus florida in the family Cornaceae - W5KKWJ from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. Features large blue-green foliage which lies flat against its vase-shaped silhouette. Scientific name: Cornus nuttallii. Il y a 1 décennie. Rosy Teacups ® U.S. Plant Patent 26,211 issued December 15, 2015. [9] In urban and suburban settings, care should be taken not to inflict mower damage on the trunk or roots, as this increases the tree's susceptibility to disease and pest pressure. 'Barton' – large white bracts; blooms at early age; resistant to stem, 'Bay Beauty' – double white bracts; resists heat and drought; good for, 'Cherokee Daybreak' – white bract; vigorous grower with. • Round-leaved Dogwood (Cornus rugosa) - has large round leaves. Tree #3 (May 2017) Tree #27 (May 2017) Fruit. Cornus L. – dogwood. Flowering dogwood is named for the showy spring flowers. [20] Width : 4 to 6 feet. "Cretaceous origin of dogwoods: an anatomically preserved, "Notable Characteristics of Dogwood Trees", "Species level phylogeny of the genus Cornus (Cornaceae) based on molecular and morphological evidence—implications for taxonomy and Tertiary intercontinental migration", "Haplotyping of Cornus florida and C. kousa chloroplasts: Insights into species-level differences and patterns of plastic DNA variation in cultivars", "Tropicos | Name - Cornus peruviana J.F. Scientific Name Cornus florida ... 2018: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida (Freedom Tree Farms) 2019: Cherokee Brave Dogwood Cornus florida 'Comco No. The dogwood was among the top choices for America’s National Tree in a nationwide vote hosted by the Arbor Day Foundation, ranking third behind the oak and redwood. These trees are strong despite the weather changes, they have a perennial stem and thick bark. Jamaican Dogwood; Scientific Name: Piscidia piscipula: Native: The tree is native to Central America and Northern parts of South America. Water: Average moisture needs. Dogwood plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of … Plant Habit or Use: large shrub or small tree. The leaves grow to about five inches of length and two inches width. Anonyme. What is the scientific name for the dogwood tree? Pacific Dogwood Scientific name: Cornus nuttallii: Taxonomy. flowering dogwood, Cornus florida. Family: Cornaceae. White “flowers” show their beauty in spring, foliage turns a vibrant red-purple in fall, and glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds for the enjoyment of all. [clarification needed][18] During the American civil war confederate soldiers would make a tea from the bark to treat pain and fevers, and dogwood leaves in a poultice to cover wounds. BEST PLACES TO SEE FLOWERING DOGWOODS . The bunchberry (C. canadensis) is a … Red twig dogwood cornus sericea elrondperedhil getty images this medium sized shrub also known as red osier dogwood will stand out in your landscape with stems that start turning red at the end of summer or beginning of fall. '70 Common Name: PACIFIC DOGWOOD. Find Name This Tree Flowering Dogwood Scientific stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. [citation needed]. Starlight Chinese Dogwood is a multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a stunning habit of growth which features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches. While most of the wild trees have white bracts, some selected cultivars of this tree also have pink bracts, some even almost a true red. 'Cherokee Chief' – red bracts; red new growth. Cornus sanguinea commonly known as Dogwood or European Dogwood is native to most of Europe and western Asia.It is usually no more than a bush, but it can form a small shrubs tree. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Growth: One of the ornamental trees used for landscaping, flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that grows about 30 ft in height, with a crown spread of 35 ft, depending on the cultivator. Several species have small heads of inconspicuous flowers surrounded by an involucre of large, typically white petal-like bracts, while others have more open clusters of petal-bearin… Flowering dogwood does best horticulturally in moist, acidic soil in a site with some afternoon shade, but good morning sun. Tree #3 (May 2017) Spring. Dogwoods are widely planted horticulturally, and the dense wood of the larger-stemmed species is valued for certain specialized purposes. UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native. Cultivars and Varieties: Cornus alba 'Sibirica'-Siberian Dogwood, Cornus alba 'Kesselringii'-Black Stem Dogwood, Cornus alba ‘Elegantissima’-White Dogwood. Once the name dogwood was affixed to this kind of tree, it soon acquired a secondary name as the Hound's Tree, while the fruits came to be known as "dogberries" or "houndberries" (the latter a name also for the berries of black nightshade, alluding to Hecate's hounds). The kousa (scientific name, Cornus kousa) is a small, deciduous tree native to parts of China, Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. Pertinence. Scientific name: Cornus sanguinea. Around 20 flowers are produced in a dense, rounded, umbel-shaped inflorescence, or flower-head, 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) in diameter. Scientific Name Common Name. [9]:100–102[16] Rutgers University breeds and licenses agricultural crops including asparagus, cranberries, dogwood trees, fruit trees, holly, and turfgrass. The tree is commonly planted as an ornamental in residential and public areas because of its showy bracts and interesting bark structure. The following cultivars, of mixed or uncertain origin, have gained the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit (confirmed 2017):[10], The species Cornus mas is commonly cultivated in southeastern Europe for its showy, edible berries, that have the color of the carnelian gemstone. [8] In contrast, in England the lack of sharp winters and hot summers makes Cornus florida very shy of flowering.[9]. Credo Reference. Tree Size: 30-40 ft (9-12 m) tall, 1-1.3 ft (.3-.4 m) trunk diameter. Classification. [citation needed], The term "dogwood winter", in colloquial use in the American Southeast, is sometimes used to describe a cold snap in spring, presumably because farmers believed it was not safe to plant their crops until after the dogwoods blossomed. Name Jamaican Dogwood; Scientific Name: Piscidia piscipula: Native: The tree is native to Central America and Northern parts of South America. An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern Florida and west to the Mississippi River. Scientific name: Cornus sanguinea. Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. Common Name, Scientific Name, Family Name Dogwood, Cloud 9, Cornus florida.Cloud 9. Autumn Tree #3 (October 2016) Bark. The drupes of species in the subgenera Cornus are edible. Other old names now rarely used include American dogwood, Florida dogwood, Indian arrowwood, Cornelian tree, white cornel, white dogwood, false box, and false boxwood. The striking red twigs and crimson, autumnal leaves of Dogwood make this small shrub an attractive ornamental plant. McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. Name Search. The fruits of Cornus mas are both tart and sweet when completely ripe. Tree Size: 30-40 ft (9-12 m) tall, 1-1.3 ft (.3-.4 m) trunk diameter. "Dogwood." Registered fungicides can be applied when necessary, according to manufacturers instructions and advice of local Extension Service.[13]. 769. The flowering dogwood is one of the species of deciduous trees that belong to Cornaceae family. The fruits of Cornus kousa have a sweet, tropical pudding like flavor in addition to hard pits. 1996) ... Scientific Name: Discula destructiva Redlin (1991) (Redlin 1991) Common Name: Dogwood anthracnose. American Dogwood Quick Facts; Name: American Dogwood: Scientific Name: Cornus florida: Origin: Eastern United States from the Gulf of Mexico and central Florida to east Texas, Oklahoma and Arkansas to Chicago and southern New England: Shapes: Elongated, 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) long, 8 mm (0.31 in) wide Common. In 1614, the name changed to “dogwood.” For more dogwood lore, see Dogwood Trees: History, Facts, and Growing Tips. [25], In 1915, forty dogwood saplings were donated by U.S. to Japan in the 1912-15 exchange of flowers between Tokyo and Washington, D.C. Similar species: • Silky Dogwood (Cornus obliqua) - has striped bark. Growth: One of the ornamental trees used for landscaping, flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that grows about 30 ft in height, with a crown spread of 35 ft, depending on the cultivator. Dogwood, Gray, Cornus racemosa, Cornaceae. Several of these are used along highways and in naturalizing landscape plantings, especially those species with bright red or bright yellow stems, particularly conspicuous in winter, such as Cornus stolonifera. Dogwood wood is an excellent substitute for persimmon wood in the heads of certain golf clubs ("woods"). First, the plant is patented (PI 7204) with the official cultivar name of "Rutdan," a name never used in any public forum discussing the plant. CORNUS – DOGWOOD. Dogwood genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Dose, five to sixty drops. The flowers are hermaphroditic ("perfect flowers") . Dogwoods have simple, untoothed leaves with the veins curving distinctively as they approach the leaf margins. Réponse préférée. In regions where dogwood anthracnose is a problem, homeowners and public land managers are encouraged to know the symptoms and inspect trees frequently. Genus Common Names = Dogwood Number of Taxa in the Cornus Genus = 52 List of Dogwood Shrubs, Cornus Genus - All known species, taxa on Earth, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second. [3] Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Blue Ray™ Kousa Dogwood Cornus kousa chinensis 'JN6' PP28936. The Plants Database includes the following 29 species of Cornus . Plant patents expire after 20 years. The dogwood is planted all throughout America. [16][9]:102, Micropropagation of flowering dogwood is now used in breeding programs aiming to incorporate resistance to dogwood anthracnose and powdery mildew into horticulturally and economically important cultivars. Foliage is attractive all season serving as a backdrop for creamy white spring flowers. Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit. Description. Its neat, rounded shape works well in mass plantings and border foundations. Since the shrubs that will tolerate or thrive in moist and wet soils are limited, Swamp Dogwood is a valuable choice for naturalizing or planting in shrub borders in moist or soggy sites. ‘Cornus’ means ‘horn’. It is often planted as an ornamental in the United States and is related to many shrubs and small trees throughout both Asia and North America. The various species of dogwood are native throughout much of temperate and boreal Eurasia and North America, with China, Japan, and the southeastern United States being particularly rich in native species. Gledhill, David (2008). Dwarf dogwood, also known as red-tipped dogwood, is a small compact, mounded shrub reaching 2 to 3 feet high and 3 to 4 feet wide. Common Name Siberian dogwood, white dogwood, variegated dogwood. The fruit is a cluster of two to ten separate drupes, (fused in Cornus kousa), each 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) long and about 8 mm (0.31 in) wide, which ripen in the late summer and the early fall to a bright red, or occasionally yellow with a rosy blush. In many species, the flowers are borne separately in open (but often dense) clusters, while in various other species (such as the flowering dogwood), the flowers themselves are tightly clustered, lacking showy petals, but surrounded by four to six large, typically white petal-like bracts. USDA hardiness zones: 5A through 9A. Cambridge University Press. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Zone : 3 to 7. It is commonly found in Southern Florida, Southern Mexico and Antilles. Many are without much flavor. Rather, selected cultivars are generally propagated by T-budding in late summer or by whip grafting in the greenhouse in winter onto seedling rootstock. Scientic Name: Cornus nuttallii. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. View photos of the medicinal plant Cornus sericea (Red osier dogwood), profiled in Medicinal Plants of the Western Mountain States.

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